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Hair transplantation surgery is a delicate affair calling for a series of precautions. In the surgery that takes about four hours the scalp is treated with certain antibacterial chemicals and then shampooed.
The hair transplantation surgery involves harvesting a strip of hair from the scalp's hairy area, or the donor strip, that measures 1-1.5 x 15-30 cm. Great care is taken while removing the excess fatty tissue to ensure that the vital follicular cells come to no harm. Using binocular microscopes for close inspection the surgeon punctures the graft-receiving sites with a fine needle. These are then arranged according to a predetermined density and pattern and the individual grafts placed on the problem patches. Normally 50 grafts per square centimeter are considered enough for providing acceptable hair density.
When done properly this method of medical hair restoration can yield breathtaking results. It becomes hard to tell whether the hair is natural or been transplanted. Sugery is also convenient because much less time is used up in separating the follicular units and their transplantation in the prblem areas.
In hair transplantation surgery it is also possible to save the follicular units from iatrogenic injuries that bedevil the dissection pahse and during placement of grafts.